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The Endocannabinoid System – What is it?

The Endocannabinoid system (ECS) was discovered when scientists were studying the effects of cannabis on our body. Let’s break down the word to better understand what it means. Cannabinoid comes from the word cannabis and endo is short for endogenous, which means produced inside your body naturally. Exogenous cannabinoids are external compounds that enter your body like CBD and THC. The ECS controls your body’s mood, psychology, appetite, motor defects, and cognitive impairment. Below you will find an explanation of the 3 components of the ECS; endocannabinoids, enzymes, and receptors.

Receptors

Receptors connect with your entire body, CB1 and CB2 are just two of the major receptors that have been studied. Most of the CB1 receptors are in your brain, including central nervous system through the body’s spine. THC attaches to the CB1 receptors. CB2 is found mostly outside the brain like immune system and digestive system.

Endocannabinoids

The two major endocannabinoid molecules are anandamide and 2-AG. These are produced naturally in the body and activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

Anandamide is often referred to as the “bliss molecule”. According to Leafly, “Our bodies create anandamide on-demand, to be used when needed to maintain homeostasis. Anandamide does this by helping to regulate inflammation and neuron signaling. As it is created, it binds primarily with our cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 just as a cannabinoids such as THC would upon ingestion. Anandamide’s molecular fragility lends itself to be broken down quite easily. It doesn’t stick around in the body for long.”

2-AG is mostly found in the central nervous system. Theses cannabinoids produced naturally in our body work with the immune system, pain, and appetite.

Enzymes

The enzymes break down the cannabinoids after they are used. The main enzymes are FAAH and MAGL.

There is only one goal of the ECS, which is homeostasis. The ECS is like a key and lock system. Uniquely, when the cannabinoids link with the endocannabinoids they lock together and become balanced. As time progresses, we will learn more about the ECS as well as cannabinoids.

Furthermore, bringing your body back to homeostasis is the goal, but it can be a trial and error experience to get it right for you. As you start your journey with cannabinoids, keep in mind everyone’s body is different and will experience effects differently with different brands. If you have questions about CBD or cannabis please reach out to us Emeraldcannabliss@gmail.com.

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What You Need to Know About Cannabinoids

cannabis

In Cannabis, there are around 60-80 active cannabinoids. We have heard about CBD and THC, nevertheless what are those other cannabinoid compounds you see on your lab reports? I dig deep into what they are and what they do in this blog. The research has just begun on what all these cannabinoids can do. The legalization of hemp will help research progress to learn much more about what this plant can potentially do for us.

Cannabidivarin – CBDV

GW Pharmaceuticals is in FDA approved Epidiolex, medicine that helps with rare type of seizures
Non-Psychoactive
Reduction of nausea and inflammation
Studies on animals show signs to help with Crohn’s, HIV/Aids, and MS.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin – THCV

Psychoactive
Gives off motivation and energized
Relieve stress, PTSD, and anxiety attacks
Found in higher doses of marijuana strains of cannabis

Cannabigerol – CBG

Found in high CBD strains of cannabis
Non-psychoactive
Relieves inflammation, pain, and nausea

Cannabidiolic Acid – CBDA

Potential for reduceing nausea and appetite-stimulating properties.
Once CBDA is heated it becomes CBD.
Found in raw cannabis.

Cannabigerol Acid – CBGA

Similar to stem cells, CBGA is “the mother cannabinoid”
Important to cannabis because when decarboxylation and oxidation happen other cannabinoids are formed.
THC, CBD, CBC, and CBG are all formed because of CBGA.

Cannabinol – CBN

Sedative effects
Mild psychoactive effects because when THC oxidizes, it converts to CBN.
Beneficial for immune system, inflammation, and migraines
A little goes a long way with this cannabinoid, however very little amounts of CBN can be found in flower

Cannabichromene – CBC

Non-psychoactive
Potential benefits are inflammation, acne, and depression
CBGA converts to CBCA then heated it becomes CBC.
CBC has to work with other cannabinoids to be effective

Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid – THCA

THCA during decarboxylation becomes THC. THCA before heated or aged is non-psychoactive
Potential benefits- anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, and neuroprotective
Like many other cannabinoids, there isn’t an abundant of research on THCA.

Lots of research went into this blog, let me know if you see something that is incorrect. Please take the time to share with someone that might not know about cannabinoids. I hope you know more now about this amazing plant, cannabis.

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Hemp History Lesson

Hemp green house

Hemp has been used for over 10,000 years, and is among one of the oldest industries. Hemp is used for many different things other than CBD, like textiles, fiber, paper, and this list could go on and on, more on that later. President Washington and President Jefferson grew hemp, so it wasn’t always a war on cannabis. Once the Marihuana tax Act passed in 1937, hemp prohibition began around the world. The government made it really hard for American farmers to cultivate hemp.

Once the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor and World War II began imported hemp became very hard to get from the Philippines. Of course, the US government did something about that, they encouraged American farmers to grow hemp just for the war. However, once the war ended the government shut down all hemp operations across the Midwest and the industry vanished for quite a while. The war on drugs during that time made cannabis as a whole a taboo, which made all cannabis illegal until recently. Meanwhile, across the country there is millions of wild hemp growing to this day.

In colonial America, you could pay for your taxes with hemp for over 200 years. Two states, Massachusetts and Connecticut, were ordered by law to grow Indian hemp in the 17th Century. And a person could be sentenced to jail if they didn’t grow hemp in the 18th Century.

Cannabis has been on our planet for as far back as they can remember, providing us with everything from paper to wellness. When the government put out propaganda in the early 19th century making hemp disappear until the last few decades. Ending prohibition of hemp officially on December 21st 2018 with the signing of the Farm bill, hemp will raise again and it will be amazing for our earth!

Resources: https://www.thehia.org/history          

https://www.hempbasics.com/shop/general-hemp-information

www.hemp.com/hemp-history

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Emerald Terpenes – Explaining Terpenes

Cannabis

We went over Pinene, Linalool, β-Myrcene, Terpinolene, & Geraniol terpenes in our first edition of Emerald Terpenes. In this blog we will review 5 new terpenes. First and foremost, what the heck are terpenes? Terpenes are found in all plants including cannabis and they are fragrance molecules in the plants. Every strain of cannabis has different and very unique set of terpenes, which help with different issues – medicinal and therapeutic. Nevertheless, terpenes are still being studied and research. While you can find terepenes in other plants we do know what they can do for our bodies.

Humulene

Beer

Earthy

Common terpene in cannabis and beer

Anti-bacterial

Anti-Fungal

Anti-inflammation – ideal for topicals

Appetite suppressant

Bisabolol

Anti-bacterial

Antioxidant

Smoothing abilities

Used in cosmetics because of aroma

Limonene

Oranges and lemons

Second most abundant terpene found in hemp

Citrus aroma – Oranges and Lemon

Reduces stress and improves mood

Anti-fungal

Anti-inflammatory

Ocimene

Found in several fruits and plants including cannabis

Sweet, woodsy aroma

Anti-viral

Antifungal

Anti-bacterial

Decongestant

Caryophyllene

plants

Typically, found in topicals and salves

Anti-inflammatory

Spicy, peppery terpene

Found in edible plants – Cinnamon, black pepper, hops, basil, and rosemary

Alcohol craving reduction

Anti-anxiety

Anti-depressant

Terpenes play a huge roll in your products. Best way to take full advantage of terpenes is to get a full spectrum product. We hope you learned more about terpenes. Stay tuned, more terpene blogs coming soon!

Stay Blissful

Sources: https://medium.com/randy-s-club/top-13-terpenes-found-in-hemp-6e5cef09b002

https://apothecarium.com/blog/nevada/2018/3/18/terpenes-the-essentials-limonene

cannacon.org

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Fascinating Truth About Hemp

fascinating hemp

I’m going to come out and say it right now – I love this plant! I love everything it can do for this world and our bodies. I’m a through and through Cannabis girl. What excites me even more is that I can be apart of the new cannabis world. Hemp is apart of our history, and it is fascinating. The uses of this plant is mind blowing. Prohibition made hemp seem like the devil’s plant. When, in fact, it is better for our environment. Fun fact, the original Levi’s jeans were made with hemp cloth.

Why Did We Ban Hemp?

Money controls, well, EVERYTHING. Between the war on drugs and other large, up and coming companies – hemp was in the crossfire. At one point in our history, it was mandatory for you to grow hemp as a tax.

According to The Thistle, “..in September 1937, the United States government, under the influence of the lobbying of synthetic textile companies (like DuPont) and several other powerful groups who saw hemp as a big threat to their businesses, proposed prohibitive tax laws, and levied an occupational excise tax upon hemp dealers. Later that year hemp production was banned altogether.”

For just over 80 years, hemp has been illegal. Money brought hemp back to light at the end of 2018. Things will slowly progress forward and hopefully make our country better. Can a plant heal a country? I think so!

Benefits of Hemp

Many reasons to choose hemp over other plants. Hemp uses 50% less water, is stronger and uses land than cotton. It feels good on your skin whether you are sleeping on it, wearing it, or applying it. Hemp can reduce soil loss and erosion. After harvest, hemp stalks contain nitrogen to leave the soil healthy. Thousands of years ago, it has been recorded that hemp has medicinal benefits. Textiles to biofuel, hemp has many uses. We could replace plastics with biodegradable hemp made plastics. The future is bright for our county, now that hemp is legal. We can bring revenue back to our country but utilizing this plant. Not only is it healthy for our environment, it is also better for our bodies. The benefits to adding hemp to our diet reduce risk for heart disease, promote healthy weight loss, and improves skin and hair health.

We need to educate more people on what hemp can actually do for us! Let’s bring the fascinating history of hemp to light. With the passing of the Farm Bill legalizing hemp on a federal level, we are going to see hemp make a huge impact in our country.

Source: The Thistle Volume 13, Number 2: Sept./Oct., 2000.