CBG or cannabigerol is a cannabinoid that is found in cannabis. Refresher on cannabinoids, active compounds found in cannabis. As of today, there are over 110 cannabinoids in cannabis some are major and most right now are minor. As research on these cannabinoids continue we will see different strains of cannabis plants. We will see farmers breed the plants to yield higher in different cannabinoids.
CBG or cannabigerol is a minor phyto-cannabinoid present in cannabis plants. This cannabinoid is a non-intoxicating chemical compound. CBG is found in low amounts in high CBD plants, like hemp. Accorrding to Cresco Labs, “CBG works to fight inflammation, pain, nausea and works to slow the proliferation of cancer cells. Research has shown it also significantly reduces intraocular eye pressure caused by glaucoma. Strains high in CBG will be beneficial treating conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and cancer.” Farmers will have to grow cannabis specifically for CBG, because it typically is very low levels.
As research continues, we will see more information about different cannabinoids and what they can do. We hope this helps you on your cannabis journey!
Cannabinoids can help bring your endcocannabinoid system to homeostasis. Personally, I have never been very good at science, so reading these studies on cannabinoids are sometimes over my head. Do you feel this way sometimes? I’m not a doctor nor am I a scientist, I’m mainly doing research and networking with educators on my own. Just a refresher, our endocannabinoid system(ECS) is located inside our bodies. The active compounds, known as phytocannaionds, that are found in cannabis interact with our receptors in our brain and body. CBD and THC are the top cannabinoids produced in cannabis. You can check out a previous blog about cannabinoids, which will break down 8 of over 100 in cannabis. Check out this two and half minute video I found very informative.
I want to note I am not pro-synthetic anything. I believe it needs to stay in it’s natural form. In my opinion, synthesizing cannabinoids would be a money grab by pharmaceutical companies. In other words, you cannot patent a plant.
As prohibition changes, education and research become a major priority. We were lead to believe this plant was bad and it could lead us further into addiction, politics and money of course. Did you know cigarettes are addicting? Alcohol? The opioids our MEDICAL doctors are prescribing? The finding of the endocannabinoid system is so recent, they aren’t even teaching it in medical school. This with time will change, of course. As we progress into the new cannabis future, education will trump stigma and change minds on how we can medicate with this plant again, rather than look down upon it.
Terminology in the cannabis industry is a completely another language. Everything is so new, and just beginning, things change every second in this space. I’m going to be updating this as we go along in this industry. You can refer to this list when you are educating yourself on cannabis.
Broad Spectrum – products that contain few cannabinoids and terpenes. These products typically do not contain any THC, or it is not detected on lab results.
Cannabis– a species of a flowering plant. AKA: Hemp, industrial hemp, marijuana, Mary Jane, pot, weed
Cannabinoid– active compounds found in cannabis. Cannabinoids can work with the endocannabinoid system in our bodies.
Cannabidoil (CBD) – A major active phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. This phytocannabinoid doesn’t leave you feeling “high”.
Dab/dabbing – A method of ingesting cannabis concentrate, by placing concentrate on a preheated surface which turns the cannabis to vapor to be inhaled.
Edible – Food or candy that is infused with cannabis.
Endocannabinoid System– A biological system within our bodies that can communicate between the brain and body to tell you how you feel, move, and react. Cannabinoid receptors are all throughout your body; in the brain, connective tissues, organs, glands, and immune cells. The goal with our Endocannabinoid system is always the same, Homeostasis.
Entourage Effect – when all parts of the plants work together – terpenes, cannabinoids, trichomes, and natural oils.
Ethanol extraction – A method to extract plant materials such has cannabinoids, terpenes, and natural oils in the plant for products. Ethanol extraction can be done warm or cold. This can be more dangerous than other extractions. The reason it is more dangerous is because you are heating a chemical solvent. Proper equipment and knowledge for this type of extraction.
Full Spectrum – Products that contain all cannabinoids, terpenes, and naturally occurring oils.
Hemp Seed Oil – made from hemp seeds. This oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and found in cooking oils, lotions, and soaps. Hemp oil doesn’t contain any active phytocannabinoids.
Hemp Extract oil – is extracted from the flowers of the plant. This oil has active phytocannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBN, and CBG just to name a few. Research has just begun on what exactly phytocannabinoids can do for our body.
Homeostasis – balance or maintaining a internal stability. An example of homeostasis is our body temperature always stays at 98.6.
Hybrid – A plant that is bred to have certain characteristics.
Indica – A strain of cannabis that grows shorter in structure and has broader leaves. This strain of cannabis is usually found in the marijuana family. It is known for it’s sedative effects.
Isolate – Products that contain only one cannabinoid. For example CBD Isolate.
Lipid – a substance that is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, ether, and chloroform. Another word for fat.
Lipophilic– Able to dissolve, be dissolved in, or absorb lipids (cancer.gov)
Marijuana – Strain of cannabis with higher than .3% THC levels.
Phyto-Cannabinoid – Active compounds found in cannabis plants ie: CBD, THC, CBN, CBA
Sativa – a strain of cannabis that grows tall with narrow leaves and long stems. This strain is mainly found in the hemp family of cannabis. Sativa’s tend to have an uplifting effects.
Seed to sale – Company that plants, grows, extracts, manufactures, and sells.
Strain – A particular variety of the cannabis plant that has
Superficial CO2 Extraction – A method to extract plant materials such has cannabinoids, terpenes, and natural oils in the plant with a solvent. Known to be a cleaner and safer method of extract.
Synthetic Cannabis – Manmade chemicals that are designed to resemble cannabis also known as Spice, K2.
Terpene – The fragrance or odor of a flower.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) (THC) – a major active phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. This phytocannabinoid leaves you feeling “high”, and it will intoxicate the brain.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA): an active phytocannabinoid that becomes THC after it is heated THC.
Tincture – a method to ingest cannabis. This method is usually mixed with a carrier oil. You place the tincture under your tongue for as long as you can stand it, then swallow.
Topical – a method to apply cannabis. Topicals are usually in lotion or oil form and you apply to your body. Topicals typically do not reach your blood stream, they just break through the first few layers of your skin.
Trichome – hair-like growth on a plants epidermal cell. The crystals on the cannabis flower that cover the leaves and buds.
Vaping – to inhale vapor from an electric battery.
We will update this as needed. Reach out if you have any questions, comments, or concerns. Emeraldcannabliss@gmail.com.
In Cannabis, there are around 60-80 active cannabinoids. We have heard about CBD and THC, nevertheless what are those other cannabinoid compounds you see on your lab reports? I dig deep into what they are and what they do in this blog. The research has just begun on what all these cannabinoids can do. The legalization of hemp will help research progress to learn much more about what this plant can potentially do for us.
Cannabidivarin – CBDV
GW Pharmaceuticals is in FDA approved Epidiolex, medicine that helps with rare type of seizures
Like many other cannabinoids, there isn’t an abundant of research on THCA.
Lots of research went into this blog, let me know if you see something that is incorrect. Please take the time to share with someone that might not know about cannabinoids. I hope you know more now about this amazing plant, cannabis.