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Terminology In The Cannabis Industry

Joy Organics Farm

Terminology in the cannabis industry is a completely another language. Everything is so new, and just beginning, things change every second in this space. I’m going to be updating this as we go along in this industry. You can refer to this list when you are educating yourself on cannabis.

Cannabis Glossary

Broad Spectrum – products that contain few cannabinoids and terpenes. These products typically do not contain any THC, or it is not detected on lab results.

Cannabis– a species of a flowering plant. AKA: Hemp, industrial hemp, marijuana, Mary Jane, pot, weed

Cannabinoid– active compounds found in cannabis. Cannabinoids can work with the endocannabinoid system in our bodies.

Cannabidoil (CBD) – A major active phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. This phytocannabinoid doesn’t leave you feeling “high”.

Dab/dabbing – A method of ingesting cannabis concentrate, by placing concentrate on a preheated surface which turns the cannabis to vapor to be inhaled.

Edible – Food or candy that is infused with cannabis.

Endocannabinoid System – A biological system within our bodies that can communicate between the brain and body to tell you how you feel, move, and react. Cannabinoid receptors are all throughout your body;  in the brain, connective tissues, organs, glands, and immune cells. The goal with our Endocannabinoid system is always the same, Homeostasis.

Entourage Effect – when all parts of the plants work together – terpenes, cannabinoids, trichomes, and natural oils.

Ethanol extraction – A method to extract plant materials such has cannabinoids, terpenes, and natural oils in the plant for products. Ethanol extraction can be done warm or cold. This can be more dangerous than other extractions. The reason it is more dangerous is because you are heating a chemical solvent. Proper equipment and knowledge for this type of extraction.

Full Spectrum – Products that contain all cannabinoids, terpenes, and naturally occurring oils.

Hemp Seed Oil – made from hemp seeds. This oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and found in cooking oils, lotions, and soaps. Hemp oil doesn’t contain any active phytocannabinoids.

Hemp Extract oil – is extracted from the flowers of the plant. This oil has active phytocannabinoids like CBD, THC, CBN, and CBG just to name a few. Research has just begun on what exactly phytocannabinoids can do for our body.

Homeostasis – balance or maintaining a internal stability. An example of homeostasis is our body temperature always stays at 98.6.

Hybrid – A plant that is bred to have certain characteristics.

Indica – A strain of cannabis that grows shorter in structure and has broader leaves. This strain of cannabis is usually found in the marijuana family. It is known for it’s sedative effects.

Isolate – Products that contain only one cannabinoid. For example CBD Isolate.

Lipid – a substance that is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, ether, and chloroform. Another word for fat.

Lipophilic– Able to dissolve, be dissolved in, or absorb lipids (

Marijuana – Strain of cannabis with higher than .3% THC levels.

Phyto-Cannabinoid – Active compounds found in cannabis plants ie: CBD, THC, CBN, CBA

Sativa – a strain of cannabis that grows tall with narrow leaves and long stems. This strain is mainly found in the hemp family of cannabis. Sativa’s tend to have an uplifting effects.

Seed to sale – Company that plants, grows, extracts, manufactures, and sells.

Strain – A particular variety of the cannabis plant that has

Superficial CO2 Extraction – A method to extract plant materials such has cannabinoids, terpenes, and natural oils in the plant with a solvent. Known to be a cleaner and safer method of extract.

Synthetic Cannabis – Manmade chemicals that are designed to resemble cannabis also known as Spice, K2.

Terpene – The fragrance or odor of a flower.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) (THC) – a major active phytocannabinoid found in cannabis. This phytocannabinoid leaves you feeling “high”, and it will intoxicate the brain.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA): an active phytocannabinoid that becomes THC after it is heated THC.

Tincture – a method to ingest cannabis. This method is usually mixed with a carrier oil. You place the tincture under your tongue for as long as you can stand it, then swallow.

Topical – a method to apply cannabis. Topicals are usually in lotion or oil form and you apply to your body. Topicals typically do not reach your blood stream, they just break through the first few layers of your skin.

Trichome – hair-like growth on a plants epidermal cell. The crystals on the cannabis flower that cover the leaves and buds.

Vaping – to inhale vapor from an electric battery.

We will update this as needed. Reach out if you have any questions, comments, or concerns.

Stay Blissful,

Click to access Cannabis-101-Glossary-Related-Terms.pdf
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Emerald Terpenes – Explaining Terpenes Part 1

Hemp flowers

Welcome to the first edition of Emerald Terpenes. First and foremost what the heck are terpenes? Terpenes are found in all plants including cannabis and they are fragrance molecules in the plants. Every strain of cannabis has different and very unique set of terpenes, which help with different issues – medicinal and therapeutic. Terpenes are still being studied and researched in the cannabis plant, but we know what the terpenes do in other plants.

Around 200 terpenes can be found in cannabis, however not all are found in every plant. Here is a list of a few terpenes found in cannabis:


photography of lavender field under clear blue sky

Linalool is best known for floral odor in lavender plants, however it is also found in citrus, laurels, birch, coriander, and rosewood plants. It is used has a sleep aid, treatment for anxiety, and anti-epileptic agent. Linalool also gives relief to pain, calms nerves, and eases you mind. Steep Hill Labs states, “Linalool is a critical precursor in the formation of Vitamin E.


Terpinolene is a terepne that is not just found in the cannabis plant it is also in oregano, lilac, apples, tea tree, and nutmeg. Potential medical benefits include anti-tumor, antioxidant, sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal. It is also been known to treat insomnia.


photo of ripe mangoes

β-Myrcene is an important terpene for cannabis. It is known to treat spasms, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also found in highly fragrant plants such as several different strains of cannabis, mangoes, hops, thyme, basil and lemongrass. Myrcene mixed with high amounts of THC increases the psychoactive effect. According to Steep Hill, “For most people, the consumption of a fresh mango, 45 minutes before inhaling cannabis, will result in a faster onset of psycho activity and greater intensity.”  Most cannabis Sativa strains contain less than 5% Myrcene.



time lapse photography of lake

Pinene is a pine and green aroma scent found in most cannabis plants. There is an alpha and a beta Pinene, both have different affects.  It helps with asthma and is an anti-inflammatory. Improved focus, and memory has been reported from the pinene terpene.  It can also be used as an insect repellant. You can find Pinene in pine needles, rosemary, dill, basil, parsley, spruce and sage.


pink petaled flowers

Geraniol is a fruity or sweet floral scent. It has a variety of medicinal and therapeutic uses like; anti-cancer,  anti-tumor, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, appetite suppressant and it is a mosquito repellent. Bees produce geraniol naturally to mark their territories. Geraniol can be found in cannabis, passion fruit, lemongrass, roses, carrots and much more.

There are a lot of different terpenes out there some having higher levels and some have lower levels. When looking for a CBD oil or strain you should look into the terpenes as well as the cannabidiols. Look for more blogs about terpenes in the future.

Chelsea Sagez, Emerald Cannabliss 

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